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11/13/2017 8:51:32 PM

Born with a silver spoon
in his mouth on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad, Pt.Jawahar Lal Nehru the 1st Prime Minister of India was the real architect of democracy. Besides being a prolific writer, scholar, he was a veteran lawyer during British imperialism. Pt. Nehru had explained him- self as a typical bourgoes, and more so communists had often called him in his early part of life a petty bourgeois-a man of wisdom, deep-rooted thoughts with wider spectrum." In one of the speeches he made on 14th December, 1953, Pt Nehru said, "One has to find an equilibrium among various forces at work, and in finding that equilibrium in a democratic country, one has to take the vast masses of people into confidence.
And one has to produce a sensation in them that they are partners in the vast undertaking of running a nation, partners in Government and partners in Industry and this is the real essence of democracy".
For him, democracy is not only the expression of sovereign will of people of their votes but comments at the same time, "I would say that democracy is not political way not even economic, but something of mind as everything is something of mind. It should be opportunistic freedom of masses at all spheres, political or that of economic involving certain degree of freedom of people to cultivate the best of capacity and ability which should go parallel to each other." Mr Nehru was a dynamic democrat, political philosopher, an unparalleled socialist of eminence, a humanist, karmayogi and above all a big favourite of masses for the right of determination. Lord Bertrand Russel, renowned British Philosopher once said,"It was pandering, Mr Nehru who made democracy safe in India as elsewhere in other parts of Asia and Africa, and added further, "1 don't believe Nehru's greatness in words and deeds which are amply appreciable but if the mankind is allowed to survive, he will be utmostly recognized in a manner much more to his status. And his absence in the existing scenario will rather teach us as to how much we owe him." And about people of India, Mr Nehru remarks, "ours is an ancient land, a new born freedom achieved by us all greater with responsibilities. If anything goes wrong, we owe to it and we shall be defaulters in unison. And if we do good, it will not behove to us all, particularly the young men of defence services." Addressing public at an occasion, Mr Nehru remarked, "our forces are operating in Kashmir to detract those who invaded this crown of India. We are peace lovers and want peace, we don't want to invade other countries and enslave them as we got freed India through Gandhian philosophy of non-violence, so we desire freedom for other countries who are oppressed, especially those in Asia. Kashmir is beyond doubts an integral part of India and our forces went there not to conquer but to defend the people who were in peril and under aggression by the invaders. Our forces are known world-over went to Kashmir with utmost courage and performed their duty speedily. Much has been accomplished and much more difficult lies ahead." Mr Nehru was cosmopolitan in international relation and his doctrine of "Panchsheela" is perhaps the greatest contribution defining exigent principles of 'International level 'Panchsheela which virtually means five principles of peaceful co-existence and Pt Nehru explains it in the recognition of the right of each country to fashion his own destiny that India and the China Governments agreed upon five principles to govern their relations and this admittedly raised India's status globally. In his words, Pt Nehru explains, "Democracy is discussion, argument, persuation and ultimate decision and more important undeniable acceptance, of those decisions even if these otherwise go against our gains. And his stressful need of self-discipline was the culmination point as voiced by him that there is no democracy, if there is no discipline.
He adds further that Democracy does't mean persistently shouting but otherwise requires discipline and responsibility within certain defined standards of behaviour. And conclusively, let us go by General Dwight EIsenhower's narration about Pt Nehru which very aptly goes as such "Pt Nehru was the foremost discipline of the great apostle of Indian freedom, indomitable leader of the people along the thorny path of liberation, wise counselor and moulder of the policies of reborn nation renowned interpreter of the aspiration of great race, his intellectual leadership has combined the profound knowledge of the West with great heritage and endouring traditions of East, a champion of under privileged people, and his devotional ideas of universal peace, his devotional ideas have won the respect and acclaim of mankind" (Quintessence of Nehru).
The great leader (India's Gem) left for heavenly abode suddenly on the ill-fated day of 27th May, 1964 at 2.30 PM at his residence in New Delhi at the age of seventy four leaving behind mourning India.
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