|EARLY TIMES REPORT|
jammu, Jan 20: Jammu and Kashmir has performed poorly among the Union Territories of the country in the Indian Innovation Index-2020, a report released by Union government's think tank Niti Aayog, which provides the innovation landscape of the country.
The Indian Innovation Index-2020, a copy of which is in the possession of Early Times, is a combination of two dimensions viz-a-viz Enablers which comprised of four pillars including Human Capital, Investment, Knowledge Workers and Business environment, while the Performance comprised of three pillars including Safety and Legal Environment, Knowledge Output and Knowledge Diffusion.
Going by the above mentioned indicators, in the Innovation score among the list of nine UTs (Goa is also in the list), JK has scored 18.62 points putting at the bottom of list only above Lakshadeep with 11.71 points, while Delhi topped the list with 46.60 points.
Similarly, in Enablers score card, JK has got 26.83 points placing it at 6th slot in the UTs' list, while Chandigarh has topped the list with 41.52 points followed by Delhi with 40.08 points. In the score card of Performers, JK has secured merely 10.41points while Delhi topped the list with 53.12 score.
In the Human Capital indicator JK stood at bottom of the list of UTs with 31.04 points, while Chandigarh topped the list with 74.82 points. The Human Capital indicator is measured on the basis of seven indicators, namely enrolment in PhD programs; enrolment in engineering and technology, colleges connected through the National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT); higher education institutions with National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) grade A and above; pupil-teacher ratio (higher education), schools with ICT labs and National Achievement Survey (NAS) Scores (Class X).
Moreover, in case of Investment indicator-which is measured on the basis of five indicators, namely expenditure on higher and technical education, expenditure on research and development (state government), expenditure on science, technology and environment, FDI inflow, and venture capital deals, JK has stood at 4th place with 12.99 points, while Delhi at top with 19.72 points.
In the Knowledge Worker indicator, which is measured on four indicators, namely knowledge-intensive employment, NGOs involved in knowledge-intensive areas, private R&D units, and state-funded R&D units, JK has stood at 5th slot with a score of 16.84 points, while Goa at the top with 33.52 points.
Similarly in Business Environment pillar score, JK stood at second from the bottom with 9.99 points followed by only Puduchery scoring 8.18 points, whereas Delhi has topped the list with 39.72 points. The pillar score consists of six indicators, namely, the ease of doing business ranking, online service transactions, internet subscribers, incubator centres, common facility centres and cluster strength.
In case of Safety and Legal Environment, which is determined by three indicators which are the number of offenses against Information Technology and Intellectual Property (IT/IP) related Acts, cyber-crime police stations and pendency of court cases. In this pillar score, Jammu and Kashmir stood at 5th slot securing 63.31, while Chandigarh topped the list with 86.11 points, while in case of Knowledge Output, JK stood at 8th slot securing merely 8.90 while Delhi topped the list with 82.83 points.
In the indicator of Knowledge Diffusion which comprise of several factors, which include hi-tech manufacturing entities, ICT exports, geographical indications registered, and citations, JK stood at 5th slot with 11.93 points while Delhi topped the list with 23.42 points.