Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   SKUAST-J Scientists showcase research excellence at ISA national symposium in Goa | LIC introduces "Jeevan Utsav" - a limited premium whole Life Insurance Plan | Safety is not a gadget but a state of mind Safety First, Safety Always | Samba police nabs fourth accused in LPG Gas pilferage scandal | Shaleen Kabra, visits Indo-Pak border to assess wheat crop cultivation | KPS highlight important issues of the community | Chairman Ganesh Khajuria voices concern over delay in 4% DA instalment | Three-day Bawa Bhair Dev Mela promotes communal harmony | End of Article 370 grants rights to West Pak: Rekha Mahajan | Elite Public High School hosts inter school concept clearing competition | Authorities fail to resolve power crises in Jammu: Dr Rohit Gupta | Vision Document Being Prepared For Viksit Bharat @ 2047: NITI Aayog CEO BVR Subrahmanyam | No One Can Stop CAA Implementation: Amit Shah | Only NC can bring J&K out of darkness, says Rattan Lal | DDC Reasi inaugurates Machinery Bank established by SGH | Inauguration of Annual Culture Function at BGSBU, Rajouri | ACS Jal Shakti presides over Public Darbar at Hiranagar | Absconder arrested by police station Miran Sahib | J&K attains feat in JJM, crosses 75% coverage of rural households | Night temp drops amid forecast for rains in plains, snow over upper reaches | Police foil illegal trade of counterfeit gold biscuits, 3 arrested | DPS Jammu shines with second place in inter-DPS National Science & Commerce Festival | Rohingya women being sold for Rs 2 lakh in J&K, agents make fortune | GDC Samba elects new student body | GGM Science College triumphs in Cluster University Volleyball Tournament | Mehbooba punctures I.N.D.I.A alliance in Kashmir | JU Dept of Commerce organised two-day National Conference | Clear message to PDP: Omar to kickstart campaign for Anantnag LS seat from Nowshera | Government Degree College RS Pura organizes awareness camp | J&K’s dark phase destroyed future of youth: LG Sinha | GDC Vijaypur organizes poster making competition | GDC Kotranka organizes awareness camp | J&K Bank Ltd conducts expert lecture | GPGC Rajouri organizes redressal camp | IPS officer P.D. Nitya’s parents, grandmother killed in car-truck collision in Chhattisgarh | Traffic block leads to temporary changes in train services | Mission to ensure no one is left behind: Rana | Kavinder Gupta reiterated the BJP's unwavering stance | Chairman Nirbhay Bharat Foundation Trust calls on LG | Prerna Puri addresses public concerns at Reasi | Power shut down | CS commends JJM for reaching the milestone of 75% FHTCs in record time | Atal Dulloo is new J&K Chief Secretary | ACS Home holds Public Darbar at Gandhi Nagar | DGP sanctions scholarship for wards of serving police personnel | ITBP DG A D Singh given additional charge of CRPF | DC Poonch reviews arrangements for OMR based Panchayat Secretary Exam | Javid Qurashi welcomes Atal Duloo as J&K's new Chief Secretary | SDM reviews SSR progress in Sub division Ramnagar | Bhgwant Mann spreading anti-national sentiments in Punjab: Chugh | Yuva Vani-Awareness programme held at Degree College Bagga | Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra organised in Surankote Town | Block level Yuva Vani programme held at Udhampur | Doda Admin assess issues of specially abled residents of Dadhkai village | Arrangements for Smooth Conduct of JKSSB Exams reviewed at Ganderbal | Sheetal Nanda listens to people’s concerns at Samba public darbar | DC Kulgam chairs NCORD committee meet; urges stakeholders to work for eliminating drug menace | Shailendra Kumar listens to people’s grievances during Public Darbar at Sunderbani | DC Kupwara chairs inaugural meeting of revamped distribution sector scheme | Legends League enlightens Jammu | Back Issues  
news details
Essential oils -A new horizon in combating “Superbugs”
9/28/2023 10:39:31 PM
Mrs Radhika Sharma

Herbs and the essential oils derived from them have been used from the beginning of human history for different purposes. Their beneficial properties have been applied to mask unpleasant odors, attract the attention of other people, add flavor and aroma properties to prepared dishes, perfumes, and cosmetics, etc. Herbs and essential oils (EOs) have also been used in medicine because of their biological properties, such as larvicidal action, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, antioxidant, fungicide, and antitumor activities, and many more. Many EOs exhibit antimicrobial properties, which is extremely important in fields of science and industry, such as medicine, agriculture, or cosmetology. Antimicrobial Resistance. Antimicrobial resistance happens when germs like bacteria and fungi develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to kill them. That means the germs are not killed and continue to grow. Resistant infections can be difficult, and sometimes impossible, to treat.when the microorganisms become resistant to most antimicrobials they are often referred to as “SUPERBUGS”.
The main cause of antibiotic resistance is antibiotic use. When we use antibiotics, some bacteria die but resistant bacteria can survive and even multiply. The overuse of antibiotics makes resistant bacteria more common. The more we use antibiotics, the more chances bacteria have to become resistant to them. Antimicrobial resistance threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever increasing range of infections caused by various microorganisms.There is resurgence in the use of herbal medicines worldwide because of fewer adverse side effects, renewability and better biodegradability.
common Antimicrobial resistance microorganisms are:
1. METHICILLIN-RESISTANT-Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive spherically shaped bacterium, a member of the Bacillota, and is a usual member of the microbiota of the body, frequently found in the upper respiratory tract and on the skin.
An estimated 20% to 30% of the human population are long-term carriers of S. aureus,which can be found as part of the normal skin microbiota, in the nostrils, and as a normal inhabitant of the lower reproductive tract of females. Staphylococcus. aureus can cause a range of illnesses, from minor skin infections, such as pimples,impetigo, boils, cellulitis, folliculitis, carbuncles, scalded skin syndrome, and abscesses, to life-threatening diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, toxic shock syndrome, bacteremia, and sepsis. It is still one of the five most common causes of hospital-acquired infections and is often the cause of wound infections following surgery.
vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), are bacterial strains of the genus Enterococcus that are resistant to the antibiotic vancomycin.
VRE is usually spread by direct contact with hands, environmental surfaces or medical equipment that has been contaminated by the feces of an infected person.
3. MULTI-DRUG-RESISTANT- Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria that are resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampin, the two most potent TB drugs. These drugs are used to treat all persons with TB disease.
The main causes of MDR-TB are: inappropriate medical prescription; poor quality of anti-TB drugs; interruptions in treatment; nonexistent national TB control programmes; lack of standardised guidelines; inefficient supervision by healthcare providers; and failure to complete treatment.
4. CARBAPENEM-RESISTANT - Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) gut bacteria.
When Enterobacterales develop resistance to the group of antibiotics called carbapenems, the germs are called carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE).
Examples of germs in the Enterobacterales order include Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Various essential oils used as antimicrobial agents are as follows:
1.OREGANO (Origanum vulgare) Several studies have shown the powerful antibacterial properties of oregano oil, even against antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. oregano oil was found to be the best at hindering bacterial growth.Topical oregano oil has been shown to be effective in wound treatment and healing, even killing off methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
2. EUCALYPTUS (Eucalyptus globulus)
It is an active ingriedient of many topical cough and cold medicines available in markets. Eucalyptus species are well known as medicinal plants because of their biological and pharmacological properties. In the international pharmacopeia, the most important and represented species, which is the main furnisher of essential oils. These essential oils are in great demand in the market, since they find applications as anesthetic, anodyne, antiseptic, astringent, deodorant, diaphoretic, disinfectant, expectorant, febrifuge, fumigant, hemostat, inhalant, insect repellant, preventitive, rubefacient, sedative yet stimulant, vermifuge, for a folk remedy for abscess, arthritis, asthma, boils, bronchitis, burns, cancer, diabetes, diarrhea, diphtheria, dysentery, encephalitis, enteritis, erysipelas, fever, flu, inflammation, laryngalgia, laryngitis, leprosy, malaria, mastitis, miasma, pharygnitis, phthisis, rhinitis, sores, sore throat, spasms, trachalgia, worms, and wounds. Sometimes their demand is
also high in the soap and cosmetic industries.
The essential oils of this plant were obtained by the hydrodistillation method. The inhibitory effects of this essential oil were tested against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) by using agar disc diffusion and dilution broth methods.The results obtained showed that essential oil of the leaves of E. globulus has antimicrobial activity against gram negative bacteria (E. coli) as well as gram positive bacteria (S. aureus). Eucalyptus Essential Oil revitalizes skin and tired muscles, facilitates easy breathing, enhances feelings of relaxation, and soothes nervous tension. In a bath, Eucalyptus Essential Oil soothes irritated skin, relieves pain, protects against infection, and rejuvenates sore muscles.
3. CLOVE (Syzigium aromaticum) .
Clove oil can be obtained from the flower buds of Syzigium aromaticum, family Myrtaceae. Clove oil has biological activities, such as antibacterial, antifungal, insecticidal and antioxidant properties, and is used traditionally as a savoring agent and antimicrobial material in food . In addition, clove oil contains EUGENOL a chemical that acts as antibacterial and anesthetic agent, is used as an antiseptic in oral infections.Clove contain an active ingredient that numbs the nerve in your mouth, offering relief ,a natural anesthetic agent. It kills many bacteria like Listeria, Campylobacter,E.coli etc. clove oil has wide applications in dentistry and inhibit decalcification.
4. Peppermint (Mentha piperita )
Peppermint oil with menthol and menthone as the main components exhibit high antimicrobial activities against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria ,Yeast, Fungi especially against Candida albicans. peppermint leave’s juice has higher antibacterial activity against Gram negative Bacilli and very effective in killing E.coli ,S.aureus, Aspergillus niger. The oil has good antioxidant activity also .It is also used as antacid , mouth freshner and an active ingriedient in various dental treatment products.Various studies showed The Antihelmentic effect of Peppermint Menthol extract is comparable with Albendazole , that kills the intestinal worms.
5. TEA TREE ( Melaleuca alternifolia)
It is an evergreen shrub or small tree , oil has wide industrial applications as it is used widely in cosmetic industry. It is also known as Melaleuca oil, is essential oil that comes from the leaves of the Australian Tea Tree. When used Topically Tea tree oil is antibacterial and antifungal, commonly used to treat acne, athletes foot, lice, nail fungus and insect bite.volatile essential oil is an active ingredient in many topical formulations used to treat Cutaneous infections. Oil is effective against Dermatophytes, E. coli, Bacillus subtilis.
6. Neem (Azadirachta indica)
It is commonly known as Margosa, Nimtree, Idian lilac, grown around the world in Tropical and Subtropical areas. Its fruits and seeds are the source of neem oil. Margosa fruit, seeds, leaves, stem and bark contain diverse photochemicals. The natural medicinal value of neem is the reason, it is used in manufacturing medicines that treat ailments such as digestive problems, blood disorders, diabetes and arthritis. Oil is an extremely effective oral remedy for all dental problemslike tooth plaque, gingivitis etc. Neem oil is also used to treat acne, fungal infections, healing wounds, stimulate collagen, reduced post acne scars and minimize skin inflammation.
Apart from above mentioned plants , The Food and Agriculture organization estimated in 2002 that over 50,000 -80,000 medicinal plants are used across the world.Use of medicinal plants is as old as civilization itself. The world health organization estimated that 80% of the population of the developing countries rely on traditional medicines, mostly plant drugs , for their primary health care need.wih sustainable use and further research medicinal plants provide solutions to many of the heath challenges facing humanity today.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center