Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   Clogged drains put question mark on development claims, says Munish | Karnataka fails to score big as J&K trails by 118 runs on day 3 stumps | Sanjeevni Sharda Kendra organizes ‘Samoohik Shivratri Samaroh’ | Heritage School Organises Workshop on Global Citizenship Education | RMPS organises Inter-school badminton competition | Punjab faculty delivers extension lecture | Daughter of soil conferred with ‘ Zohra Sehgal National Award-2020’ | Farewell party for outgoing students organized | Valedictory programme on employability skill enhancement concludes | Intra- Zone Cricket Men tournament organized | DLSA Samba organises cricket coaching camp/tournament | JKNPP protests transportation of bovines to Manipur from Jammu Military farms | J&K Bank FC thrashes PDC by 6 goals to 1, clinches football championship | IECS Polytechnic celebrates “Matribasha Diwas” | DLSA Samba organises cricket coaching camp/tournament | JU organize national integration camp | J-K Institute, Canadian firm sign pact on cannabis research | YCET conducts online test under spoken tutorial project of IIT Bombay | Youth Congress stages protest over hike in LPG price | BMPS organizes annual day | Himalayan college organises sports week | 460 doctors , Nursing candidates selected for Certificate Programme for AB-HWC | National Tribal Youth exchange programme underway | NC in doldrums, father-son party left with no decision makers | 30 years on, a woman's struggle continues against Edu Deptt to get her job back | Amid talks of banning private practice by govt doctors, need is to regulate private clinics as well | Kashmir abuzz with sporting events as Jammu left idle by Govt! | Bukhari group, businessmen hold 'secret' meeting at Gulmarg | Ram Madhav meeting with Altaf Bukhari fuels rumours | Two LeT militants killed in encounter at Sangam-Bijbehara in Anantnag | In a bid to make JK incorruptible, LG’s Office seeks services of 150 IAS officers from Delhi | India issues travel advisory on Singapore | JKTJAC demands resolution of teaching fraternity' issues | Khidmat Centre professional welcomes announcement by PMO | China casts evil eye on the Union Territory of Ladakh | No country for women | Active militant of HM arrested in Pattan Baramulla, associate of LeT in Sopore | Languishing projects in Rajouri get breakthrough | 11 thieves arrested: 12 motor vehicles, 160 gm gold, mobile phone recovered | Cyber Police Station takes cognizance of threat to senior Police Officer received on Social Media; FIR Registered | Court sent six OGWs to 15 days judicial remand | Seven dead as passenger vehicle falls into gorge | Court rejects plea of JK Bank for releasing of documents | DC seeks short-term, long-term proposals for beautification of Jammu | Domicile law for J&K coming very soon: Dr Jitendra | SRO-202 employees’ delegation call on BJP state president | Div Com for strict implementation of anti-encroachment drive | PHE workers stage protest, strike enters 16th day | CB arrests fraudster for duping crores of rupees | Schools in Kashmir to re-open on February 24 | Placed on ground, PDD transformer poses threat | Tractor owners stage protest against Govt | DC holds extensive appraisal of land encroachments in Shalteng tehsil | Narcotic smuggler held with heroin | ADC inspects district hospital | Revenue Camp held at Kishtwar; 10 mutations attested on spot | Driver killed as truck falls into gorge in Ramban | 8 tippers seized for illegal mining | Jammu Paryatan to start bus service for Purmandal, Utter Behni Temples | DDC inspects works executed under B2V programme | Power shut down | Back Issues  
news details
Republic day honors 'Constitution of India'
Mahadeep Singh Jamwal1/25/2020 10:57:59 PM
On 26th January 2020, India is going to honor the 71st Republic Day with pride and hilarity. It is a day to remember when India's constitution came into force on January 26, 1950, completing the country's transition toward becoming an independent republic. Let us walk-on the pages of yesteryear to show up at the day. The first Britishers entered India in 1579, the Authority was reassigned to the East India Company formally in 1765 and then the British Parliament took over the administration. Before Independence, India was governed by various Acts enacted by the British Parliament such as: 'The Government of India Act 1858', 'The Government of India Act 1909', 'The Government of India Act 1919' and finally 'The Govt. of India Act 1935'. The continued combat and negotiations, as a fore-runner of independence, a 'Constituent Assembly' was formed with members representing different regions and religions. It was first elected for undivided India but after partition, some of its members ceased to exist. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on 9th December 1946. India attained freedom and Independence on 15th August 1947 and this Constituent Assembly took the governance of India from the British Parliament. On 29th August 1947, the Constituent Assembly through a resolution appointed a drafting committee with the Chairmanship of Dr B. R. Ambedkar to scrutinize the draft of the text of the Constitution of India prepared by Sir B. N. Rau, the Constitutional Advisor, giving effect to the decisions already taken in the Assembly and to submit to the Assembly for consideration, the text of the draft constitution as revised by the committee. Towards the end of October 1947, the Drafting Committee set into motion and submitted the Draft Constitution to the President of the Constituent Assembly on 21st of February 1948 with various changes. The assembly met in all eleven sessions (first session 9-23 December 1946 and last session 14-26 November 1949) open to the public, discussing and debating the draft and adopted it as the Constitution of India on 26 November 1949 (celebrated as Constitution Day (National Law Day) or Samvidhan Divas). The provisions relating to Citizenship, Elections, Provisional Parliament, Temporary and Transitional provisions were given immediate effect on 26 November 1949 itself. The handwritten Constitution was signed on 24th January, 1950, by 284 members of the Constituent Assembly, which included 15 women, amid drizzling outside the Parliament at Delhi, considered to be a good omen. After putting their signatures, all the members including Dr. Rajendra Prasad (President of India Elect) and other members sang 'Vande Mataram', adopted as National song and 'Jana Gana Mana', adopted as National Anthem' by Constituent Assembly 0n 24 Jan 1950, in chorus, symbolizing a great achievement of the Sovereign Independent Republic of India, after a struggle of nearly three centuries.. It came into force two days later on 26th January 1950. '26 January' was selected, because it was on this day in 1930, Congress in an electrifying resolution declared 'Purna Swaraj', complete freedom from British Raj. On 26 Jan 1950, the Constituent Assembly ceased to exist, transforming itself into the Provisional Parliament of India until a new Parliament was constituted in1952.
Republic Day honors the date, 26 January, when on this day in 1950 the 'Constitution of India' came into effect, replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India. Talking in layman terms, the Indian Constitution is the supreme rule-book that lays down the instructions to be followed for the governance of India. We are well informed that 'Constitution' is a collective work of 22 in all with 8 major and other minor committees, appointed by the Constituent Assembly, but we always speaks in high terms of only Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, who was chairman of the 'Drafting Committee'. Here we never speak of contribution of N Gopalaawamy Ayyangar, Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar, Dr. K. M. Munshi, Syed Mohammad Saadullah, N Madhava Rau, TT Krishnamachari other members of the drafting committee as well as chairman of other associated committees. I like to flash here the words of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, of his address to India's Constituent Assembly for the last time on November 25, 1949: "The credit that is given to me does not really belong to me. It belongs to Sir B. N. Rau, the constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly, who prepared a rough draft of the constitution for the consideration of the 'Drafting Committee'. A part of credit must go to the members of the drafting committee. Much greater share of the credit must go to Mr. SN Mukherjee, the chief draft man of the committee for his hard work".
It is less known that the original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. The original copies of the Indian Constitution, written in Hindi and English, are kept in special helium-filled cases in the library of the Parliament of India. Interestingly we find that 'Father of Nation' Mahatma Gandhi wasn't directly involved in making of the constitution, but his ideas reflect in the same. There was hardly any soul in constituent assembly that did not follow him. He was responsible for fight against communal discrimination, women empowerment, and rights of farmers and what not. He shaped Indian nationalism that embeds the feelings of equality, liberty, and fraternity in the Constitution.
Concluding, the Republic Day celebrations start with placing of floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti memorial at India Gate by the Prime Minister of India, in memory of those soldiers who lost their lives in war followed by two minutes silence. It is followed by traditional Republic Day Parade featuring contingents and displays from the Army, Navy, and Air Force on a grand scale in Delhi and includes colorful floats from each of India's states. Smaller parades are held in each state as well. As a symbolic gesture, the Indian government invites a chief guest to attend official Republic Day celebrations in Delhi. The guest is always a head of state or government from a country that's selected based on strategic, economic and political interests. It is the responsibility of every one of us to salute our great leaders and freedom fighters on this day and live up to their vision.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center