Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   Extension to Delimitation Commission setback to power hungry BJP leaders | Custodian General’s notification disturbs POJK refugees | Infiltration of anti-nationals in administration: CID | Satyendra Prakash promoted as Principal DG of BOC | Govt fails in proper implementation of NRDWP | Teacher ignores transfer order, refuses to join new place of posting | Farooq dances with Capt Amarinder during his grand-daughter’s marriage | DDC member TS Tony calls on Lt Gov; discusses border dwellers issues | School Edu Deptt announces four tier Covid monitoring mechanism | Vaccination Only Way Out | Kashmir needs to save youth from indoctrination towards terrorism | How to beat with stress at workplace | Munish Gupta asks government to step in & solve problems of residents | Claims normal deliveries incurs expenditure of Rs 350 | Patient accuse Gynaecologist GMC Rajouri of negligence | J&K UT Lt Governor Sinha receive Ist dose of COVId-19 vaccine | Principal Secretary to LG reviews preparation for Tulip Festival | Only Modi govt did justice with STs: Ravinder Raina | DC Rajouri reviews implementation of child protection laws | Business as usual in school even as lecturer turns Covid positive | Investor to throng J&K after April, says Govt | JK reports 79 new cases of Corona Virus; one fresh death, positive cases reach 126772 | Shab-i-Mehraj holiday to be observed on March 12 | CB Jammu chargesheets father-son duo for cheating | Border residents heave sigh of relief week after India-Pakistan agreement on ceasefire | Over 30 migrant KP youth join Apni Party | Institution of Engineers Jammu centre celebrates World Engineering Day | Udhampur organizes webinar on COVID -19 vaccination drive | SHD organizes awareness camp for sheep breeders | Ramesh Kaith felicitated | Add separate column for enumeration of OBCs in census: Dogra | Gajan elected president, Farman chairman of AJKMTCRAA | BJP former MLC calls on LG Sinha | Army jawan commits suicide by hanging self in Srinagar | Plus 2 Officers Association take up important issues before Administrative Secretary | BJP govt delaying, denying both Delimitation and Assembly elections in J&K: Harsh Dev | Summer-like weather continues in Kashmir, night temp settles above normal | Rs 3.5 Cr loan sanction orders distributed among 45 beneficiaries | Congress intensifies protest against rising petrol, diesel, LPG prices | ADC Jammu finalises Maha Shivratri arrangements | Chairperson BDC Thuroo discusses modalities for implementation of GPDP | DC Ramban reviews functioning of GHSS Batote | Women’s empowerment needs comprehensive policy on priority: Sadhotra | Enforcement Wing FCS&CA Deptt conducts market check | Police busts fake job racket in Sumbal | Drug peddler arrested, 880 gms of charas recovered | Delegation of Senior Citizens Council calls on ADC Kishtwar | Lt Governor chairs 3rd high level meeting of power sector experts to revamp power supply in J&K | Dulloo launches online ANM (ANMOL) portal | EPFO extends social security benefits to subscribers of J&K, Ladakh | CAT directs H&ME to appoint petitioner as Dental Surgeon from 2005 | RP Thakur reviews working of SICOP | HC quashes PSA of person from Budgam | Court grants bail to NC leader booked under UAPA for 'hate speech' | Srinagar-Jammu highway to remain shut tomorrow | MeT forecasts rains, snow in Jammu and Kashmir on Sunday | India-Pak ceasefire is a positive step; we want this truce to work: Lt Gen Raju | Farewell bid to outgoing class XIIth batch of 2020 | Dulhasti Power Station organizes plantation programme | TWA selects players for national championship at Agra | DYSSO flags-off 5 day trekking Camp of 50 girl students from Padder | Extension lecture held | Red Ribbon Club, GDC Sidhra organizes Inter-College quiz competition | Skill training course held | Back Issues  
news details
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Act, J&K
1/15/2021 11:46:28 PM
Dr. Parveen Kumar

Forests account for seventy five percent of gross primary production of earth biosphere and contain about 80 per cent of the earth’s plant bio mass. According to a 2019 report of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, the Total Forest Cover (TFC) of India is 712, 249 square kilometers which constitutes 21.67 per cent of India’s total geographical area. These constitute an important asset of our planet Earth. Living organisims depend upon forests for survival, for the food and medicines they provide, for the air to breathe, for the wood put to use for different purposes, for the habitat for different organisims, for the biodiversity they protect and conserve the role they play in preventing soil erosion and mitigating climate change. Forests help in maintaining the temperature and oxygen level of the atmosphere. Plants release oxygen during photosynthesis and consume carbon dioxide. Forests being a huge reserve of plants and trees play a significant role in balancing oxygen level in the atmosphere. A Forest represents a precious resource provided by nature. They are home to 80 percent of the global terrestrial bio diversity. There are a variety of plants available in most forests viz herbs, shrubs and trees depending upon the climate of the region. There are many forests spread over large areas across the globe. Forest can be classified as: tropical, evergreen, partly evergreen, deciduous and dry forests based on the climatic conditions and types of trees present. Forests also comprise non-living components such as lakes, ponds, soil, rocks, etc. A forest has rightly been defined as an area forming an ecosystem.
Human beings have been an inalienable part of these natural habitats living in and protecting forests. However there have been reports of human wild life conflicts which witness deaths of many wild life species. Acting on a petition filed by Wildlife groups, Hon’ble Supreme Court in February 2019, ordered the eviction of all forest dwellers in India, whose claims under the Forest Rights Act had been rejected. This number was as high as 1.89 million forest-dwelling families, according to a 2018 report of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. The scale prompted the Centre to intervene, and the court stayed its order, asking states to disclose whether they had followed due process while rejecting the claims. Documents subsequently filed by nine state governments showed that at least 1.3 million of the claims have been rejected without following the due process. In October, a study of 26 protected areas of India showed that 13,445 families of mainly indigenous people were displaced between 1999 and 2019 because of the government’s wildlife policies. The forceful displacement has led to violent clashes between local communities, forest department and the police. Although, the Forest Rights Act of 2006 provides for granting of rights to forest dwellers across the country, this central Act was, however, not applicable or implemented in Jammu and Kashmir in the last 14 years.
In the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, Forests are largely distributed in Kashmir valley and in hilly area of Jammu region. The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has also now implemented the Forest Rights Act 2006 which till date was not enforced even after 14 years of its enactment by central government. This central Act however, became applicable to J&K only after 31st October, 2019, recognizing the rights of forest dwelling communities for the first time in the Union Territory. Under the Act, members of the Scheduled Tribes dwelling in forests along with other traditional residents will have the right over forest land. It is here pertinent to mention that the Forest Rights Act of 2006 provides for granting of rights to forest dwellers across the country. Under the Act, members of the Scheduled Tribes (ST) dwelling in the forests along with other traditional residents will have the right over forest land for habitation or self-cultivation or livelihood. “...ownership, access to collect, use, and dispose of minor forest produce, and entitlement to seasonal resources among others. However, the rights conferred under this Act shall be heritable but not alienable or transferrable.
For proper implementation of this act in Jammu and Kashmir, the administration has come up with a4-tier committees including State Level Monitoring Committee, District level committee, Sub Divisional level committee and Forest Rights Committee and these have have been put in place to implement the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006 in J&K. The forest department has also been asked to come up with a suitable review mechanism along with monitoring formats for a routine evaluation of the procedure. The administration of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir plans to complete by January 15, 2021, the ‘survey of claimants’ by the forest rights panels for assessing the nature and extent of rights claimed at the village-level. The sub-divisional committees have been asked to the scrutiny procedure of claims and preparation of ‘record of forest rights’ by January 31, 2021. Committees at the district-level shall consider and approve this by March 1, 2021.
Through this act, the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) act, the forest dwelling scheduled tribes and other traditional forest dwellers will be provided with the rights over forest land for the purpose of habitation or self-cultivation/livelihood; ownership, access to collect, use, and dispose of minor forest produce, and entitlement to seasonal resources among others. However, the rights conferred under this Act shall be heritable but not alienable or transferrable. The law also empowers holders of forest rights and Gram Sabhas to protect the wildlife, biodiversity, catchment areas, and other environmentally sensitive areas. It further ensures that the habitats of forest dwellers are preserved from any form of destructive practices affecting their cultural and natural heritage.
The Act also provides that on the recommendation of the Gram Sabha, forest land up to one hectare can be diverted for the purpose of developing government facilities including schools, hospitals, minor water bodies, rainwater harvesting structures, minor irrigation canals, vocational training centres, non-conventional sources of energy, roads etc.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center