Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   Before Sinha, former top cop was probable LG | Detained politicians were enjoying luxurious meals, cool breeze, posh locations | ACB tightens noose around corrupt officials, several Govt Deptts under radar | Strange! XEn figures in final seniority list of 2 departments | Nearly 30 fear-stricken BJP leaders quit party in Valley; Jammu leaders more concerned about advisory council | COVID-19 recovery rate in JK reaches almost 72 percent as 779 more persons recover | Inqlabi appeals LG to review decision on SHGs | PCC constitutes media cells for Doda, Kupwara | Plantation drive held at Munsiff court Akhnoor | GDC Bishnah organizes online inter-collegiate mathematical quiz | Munish Gupta asks government to step in & solve problems of residents | After space crunch, MCCH Anantnag faces shortage of doctors | DLSA Rajouri holds plantation drive at Govt High School Dalogra | Innerwheel Club donates medicines, other items to Vivekananda Hospital | Div Com discusses SOPs with religious heads | PM Modi shall fulfill his promise of ushering democratic rights in J&K: Kavinder | Sit back and think | Webinar Series ‘Meeting The Mentors’ concludes at Govt Polytechnic Jammu | CO of 2 J&K NCC Bn. visits GDC Khour | Defence and Security: Achievements of NDA II Government | Tribute to ‘the Victory Day’ | Crapping of special status gives new status to JK people | PCCF launches plantation under JK Green at Nashri | RMPS organizes online activity | Don’t push J&K youth to hopelessness: Rana | 6 day International Webinar on Public Health concludes | AIJMS donates Rs. 1 lakh to injured person | Welfare scheme for workers; Labour deptt hosts series of awareness camps in Rajouri | Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan: DIC Ramban intensifies implementation process | GGM Sc college celebrates International youth day | GDC Paloura celebrates International Youth Day | SNSSS organizes flute making competition | Nagrota Sangharsh Samiti intensifies stir for Degree College | Independence-Day celebration: Full dress rehearsal held across Jammu | BSF intensifies patrolling in water bodies along IB in Jammu | Team Jammu threatens stir against Govt decision on SHGs, urges LG to intervene | J&K Bank extends 2 pc interest subvention to MUDRA-Shishu borrowers | AIC of SC/ST/OBC Organizations holds zoom meeting of Kulgam cadre | Judicial probe in mysterious missing of three Rajouri boys demanded | Day 81: Jammu, Srinagar Airports receive 25 domestic flights with 3,187 passengers | Govt evacuates 3,09,193 stranded JK residents; 2,13,957 via Lakhanpur, 95,236 through special trains | Chairman OBC PCC Suresh Dogra calls on JMC Com, submits memorandum | SHG Association Poonch opposes abolishment of projects | JKReTTF condemns Principal Secretary School Education statement | Scores of villages in Kulgam district uses contaminated water | Director Horticulture conducts extensive field visit of Distt Jammu | Social Forestry, PWD Departments mute spectators to illegal construction | Class IV posts: 5,07,160 registrations on JKSSB Portal; 2,66,860 candidates submit online application so far | IGP reviews security ahead of I-Day, asks cops to be on alert | GDC Bhaderwah celebrates International Youth Day | MGNREGA Employees Association condemns statement of CS | Mayor JMC visits Ward No 73, launches development works | JAJD-NGO appeals people to celebrate I-Day with simplicity | Need based workers of Forest, Social Forestry deptts suffer as salary denied to them for months now | BNGH successfully conducts Laparoscopic surgery | No Kailash Yatra this year due to coronavirus pandemic | Farmers facing shortage of fertilizers, urea in Samba: Manjit Singh | Govt orders engagement of 200 nurses for six months in medical colleges across | CB Jammu arrested absconding fraudster, murder accused | Govt makes presence of officers above under secretary rank mandatory at this year’s I-Day functions | Allow resumption of mining activity in Samba, demands vehicle operators | Court rejects bail in rape case | Two hideouts of LeT militant outfit busted in Awantipora: Police | Advisor Bhatnagar strengthens grievance redressal mechanism | Notorious criminal detained under PSA | 2 drug peddlers held | JKPYC slams abolishing of SHGs, demands immediate revocation | Court awards rigorous life imprisonment in murder case | Congress opposes disbanding of self-help groups, privatization of PDD | Contractual lecturers, teachers betrayed by BJP govt: Harsh | BJP failed in restoring past glory of Basohli: Manohar | Pakistan afraid of BJP’s rise in Kashmir: Ravinder Raina | Advisor Baseer Khan meets scores of delegations at Chadoora, inspects MGNREGA works | Back Issues  
news details
Agro-Processing for Farmers Prosperity
7/8/2020 11:53:30 PM

Dr. Banarsi Lal and Dr. Pawan Sharma

Although there has been large industrialization in the last 60 years, agriculture still occupies the prominent place of importance. Still agriculture is considered as the backbone of the Indian economy. The most important problem now-a-days is to provide the remunerative price to the farmers for their farm produce. This problem can be solved by the value addition in different crops produce and can be marketed both inside and outside the country. This can also generate more employment for the rural people. Agriculture has provided us the food security but nutritional security is still awaited. Value addition is the process in which for the same volume of a primary product, a high price is realized by means of processing, packing, upgrading the quality or other such means. Value addition in agriculture is one of the important components of nutritional security. In the present era, agro-processing and crops diversification has become buzz words in the agricultural trade. The whole world has become a single global market and there is very tough competition in this market. Product diversification is essential for harnessing the full potential from present scenario of development. Agro-processing helps in the industrialization, employment generation, export, extended availability of produce, avoidance of post harvest losses, foreign exchange earnings, product diversification, easy marketing etc. Sometimes farmers get less price of a particular farm produce due to its surplus production. This problem can be solved by the crop diversification which creates an opportunity to earn more money from the different crops produce. Crop diversification and value addition are the two techniques for the profit maximaztion and nutritional security. Value added agriculture helps to increase the value of primary agricultural commodities through a particular production process. Small scale processing units, organic food processing, traditional crops production, agri-tourism and bio-fuels development are examples of various value-added projects that have supported to create new jobs in the rural areas.
Agro-processing is needed for the profitability of the farmers, to empower the farmers and weaker sections of the society, to provide safe, quality and branded food to the consumers, to reduce post-harvest losses, reduction in import and increasing exports, encourage the growth of subsidiary industries, to reduce the risk of marketing, to promote the crops diversification and to increase the financial stability of the farmers. Attentiveness to consumer demands in quality, variety and packaging are important. In order to be unique and novel, new product should be attempted. The product we develop should be one of its own kinds for which crop and variability indigenous to our country should be exploited. The product should be new and unusual like black or blue rose so that no one can compete in the market. Biotechnology can be utilized for the value addition especially in horticultural crops. The product we develop should have demand in the market. The product should have high value for low volume for ease of trading and distribution and the extracts such as spices and herbal plants can fulfill this requirement. Quality and quantity of the product should be maintained in the market. Ultimately market is the key for success of any product. Agro- processing industries can play a significant role in increasing the income and employment among the farmers.The consumption of processed foods is synchronous with the rise in incomes as income elasticity of these foods is very high. Presently our country reached the status of ‘lower middle-income’ among the countries in the world and therefore, the share of processed food in the food basket of our population is bound to go up. Urbanisation, diversification of diets, globalization of diets, rising share of women in work force, nuclear families, changing policy perspectives including digitalisation and export opportunities propel growth of food processing sector. Agricultural innovations have a significant impact on agricultural performances and can be beneficial for both the producers and consumers. Processed foods were considered as rich people food for a long time and suffered heavy taxation, riddled with so many taxes including steep taxes for packaged products. This has been gradually changed with successive reduction in excise duties and state taxes to benefit farmers. Concept of cold chain was non-existent before the nineties and post-harvest losses were very high due to poor infrastructure facilities. Transport costs were relatively high leading scholars to conclude that importing from other countries was cheaper than transporting from one part of the country to another. Standards and protocols for food safety and laws for food safety were almost negligible. Before eighties the food policy in India has mainly concentrated on increasing the production with a view to substitute imports which became a common feature during the immediate post-independence years. Before eighties the issue of processing the food did not arise as a policy question. On the other hand, the industrial policy since the second five year plan concentrated on the heavy industries required to build up the necessary infrastructure for the industrial development. Though there were some foods processing industries in the organized sector, they were part of small and village industries and have no separate identity. The consistent rise in per capita incomes and the shifting of the incomes after 1981 to a higher growth path led to the rise in middle classes, who were able to purchase the power to buy the processed foods.
The growth of manufacturing industry also necessitated encouraging food processing sector. The central government, in view of these changes, has started attempts to invigorate the sector by forming a separate ministry for food processing industries in 1988. India is a late entrant into the food processing sector and international market. Though some measures are initiated after the formation of the ministry for the speedy development of the sector, it is only after the country embarked on full scale liberalization in 1991 that the food processing sector got real impetus. Several policy initiatives for freeing the licensing system, foreign investment etc., are taken during this time to encourage this sector. The concept of food parks, agri-export zones, mega food parks, cold chains and human resource development have been initiated besides several incentive schemes. The central government has released a food processing policy in 2001 and again in 2005. The new agro-processing industries set up to process, preserve and package fruits and vegetables are allowed under Income tax act. The role of state is considered to be vital. Hence, the centre has urged the state governments to allow exemption for this sector from sales tax and other local taxes. Several state governments have also announced food processing policies. Most recently, centre has allowed 100% FDI in trading of food products including through e-commerce to boost growth of the sector. 42 food parks were sanctioned for setting up of processing units. The scourge of organised food processing sector continues to be very low value added at just 12% in 2013-14 and much less in some of the important industries like vegetable oils and fats (5%), dairy products (10%), grain mill products (8.6%) and fish products (7.7%). The main paradox in food processing industries is the dichotomy between organised and unorganised segment in regard to output and employment. While output and value added are higher in the organised segment, unorganised segment with one-fifth of output employs three times higher employment. Food processing sector creates lot of employment in comparison to the manufacturing sector as a whole. The productivity of this sector needs improvement though studies show that there has been improvement after 2000s. There is a need to infuse more technology in both the organised and unorganised segments with liberal provision of credit. Value of land poses the biggest threat to unorganized manufacturing in general and food processing in particular and it needs special attention of the policy makers. Recent initiatives like mega food parks and cold chain schemes are well conceived and showing signs of positive impact. India still needs a lot to do in the agro-processing sector.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center