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news details
Population explosion in India
8/19/2018 11:53:14 PM
Vivek Koul

The rapidly growing
population is one the major problems faced by our country these days. Along with it there are other major problems faced by our country such as Corruption, black money, poverty, unemployment, illiteracy and many other. These problems are somehow correlated with each other. Persons are means as well as ends of economic development. They are an asset if in adequate strength and prove to be a liability if excess in strength. Population has crossed the optimum limit in India and has become a liability. So problem of population explosion in India has proved to be a big hindrance in the success of economic planning and development. Rapidly growing population has become a serious issue in India. This burning issue of rising population is also associated with various issues confronting the nation such as unemployment, poverty, overcrowding of cities, shortage of food grains, low standard of living, environmental problems etc. The population of India has grown rapidly because birth rate in India is higher than the death rate. With Improved medical facilities and access to hospital, medicines, the death rate is going down. Human life expectancy also increased in India in the last couple of decades. The big percentage of India still doesn't do a proper family planning especially in the rural areas where the 70 percent of the population lives. In India, population explosion is the result of high birth rate. High birth rate reduces health and welfare of women. Frequent pregnancy without having a gap is hazardous to the health of the mother and the child. This leads to high death rate among women in the reproductive age due to early marriage. Hence to improve the welfare and status of women in our society, we have to reduce the birth rate. Population explosion gives rise to a number of social problems. It leads to migration of people from rural areas to the urban areas causing the growth of slum areas. People live in most unhygienic and insanitary conditions. Unemployment and poverty lead to frustration and anger among the educated youth. This leads to robbery, beggary, prostitution and murder etc. The terrorist activities that we find today in various parts of the country are the reflection of frustration among educated unemployed youth. Overcrowding, traffic congestions, frequent accidents and pollution in big cities are the direct result of over-population. It is also in place to mention here that rising rate of population growth exerts pressure on land. On the one hand, per capita availability of land goes on diminishing and on the other, the problem of sub-division and fragmentation of holdings goes on increasing. It adversely affects the economic development of the country. Population explosion leads to environmental degradation. Higher birth rate brings more pollution, more toxic wastes and damage to biosphere. Briefly speaking, population explosion hinders the economic development. It should be controlled effectively. Moreover, India is also facing the illegal immigration problem, a large number of immigrants, refugees come from neighboring countries like Nepal and Bangladesh which aggravates the situation further. The problem of population can be solved only by creating awareness and educating the people to control birthrates. Last but not the least is that our country should have to come to terms with the highly competitive world economy. India will be looking now for a leader who can be bold enough to take up the issue of controlling population explosion seriously. Unless India can find such a leader, its future cannot be bright.
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