Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   After Omar shows teeth to Centre; NC announces to boycott delimitation commission | 3 CISF ASIs posted at Jammu Airport quarantined | Amid mounting tension on LAC, Ladakh LG meets Amit Shah | Withholding of DPC process blocks promotions of Forest Deptt employees | Rebellion within NC as veterans demand action against Omar’s close aide | 46 percent of Corona Virus patients came from outside, active cases 1261, recoveries 875 | Admin's focus on COVID -19 pandemic crisis; patients with other ailments left in lurch | For GMC Anantnag doctors, lockdown proves a blessing in disguise | Advisor Sharma reviews arrangements for conducting class 12 Board Exams in Jammu Division | Brother of explosives-laden car owner intercepted in Pulwama being questioned: J-K Police | Chief Secretary chairs 1st Apex Committee Meeting of JJM | Execution on crucial developmental works on hold for over two months to restart from June 1 in Srinagar | Commissioner provides POS terminals to authorized officials | Operations in social sector to be permitted from June 1 in Srinagar | Govt winds up Backward Commission in JK | Div Com reviews CLU cases for new retail outlets, petrol pumps | Forest Deptt removes encroachments from prime forest land | Skyview Patnitop Offers Additional 8,000 PPE Masks to Administration | SAD (Badal) demands reservation of few assembly seats for Sikhs | SIF holds meeting, discusses Delimitation Commission | JKESTEWS&AA greets BR Sharma on taking over as chairman JKPSC | Sahib Bandgi Sansthan continues to help needy during Corona Virus | Educational institutions to remain closed in J&K till June 15 | Petrol , diesel to be costlier by Rs. 2 per litre & Rs. 1 per litre | Helpline established for domestic violence victims in Jammu | Pak’s notorious agency annoyed with Hizbul chief for his failure to intensify violence in Kashmir Valley after abrogation of Art 370 | Two JPDCL employees suspended, union threatens protest | Boycott Chinese goods | Munish Gupta asks J&K government to solve problems of people of B/C Gandhi Nagar | THE AGONY OF AN ‘ATMANIRBHAR KISSAN’ | Promotion of Urban Farming amid COVID-19 | Family on verge of starvation after PHE driver dies on duty, deptt unconcerned | 26 fresh positive cases reported in north Kashmir; 263 active positive, 06 recovered | Portable water still a distant dream for this Anantnag village | JK All Departments Clerical Staff Association accuses Edu department of delaying tactics | JTC holds meet,lists demands | Order special audit of land collectors in Reasi distt: J&KAP appeals LG | JKPYC demands to roll back anti-youth decision of CUJ | 21 bovines rescued after police foils three smuggling bids in Thanamandi | Pregnant woman tests COVID-19 positive | Committee approves grant of Selection Grade in favour of 32 officers of JK Revenue Service | Only 49.6% population in J&K wash their hands with soap: Report | Forest fire triggers several landmine blasts along LoC in Balakote | Sessions Judge rejects bail plea of child trafficking accused | Heavy rain lashes Kishtwar, Doda Districts, brings respite from scorching heat | Awareness-cum-medical camp organized at JTGC | Use and throw policy of educated youth abhorable: Harsh | No jobs, starvation will lead to anarchy: Zorawar | LPG laden truck catches fires, few explodes on Jmu-Sgr NH in Udhampur | Dwivedi reviews release of supplies payment to MSMEs | High explosive Pak shell destroyed along LoC | Advisor Sharma for strengthening online education for maximum students’ outreach | Advisor Baseer Khan inspects development works in Block Marh | Back Issues  
news details
Mobilizing and empowering farmers’ through EPOs
Dr. Parveen Kumar, Dr. D. Namgyal9/19/2019 10:15:37 PM
The farming community in the country is still in a static mode. Although many efforts were made and are continuously being made to mobilize them; but not much headway has been made in this direction. The ATMA (Agriculture Technology Management Agency) was a step in this direction. ATMA emerged as a district body where all the research and extension activities were concentrated at one point. It was based on a bottom up approach, decentralized and convergence model which envisaged setting up of commodity interest groups, Farmer Interest groups at the village level. The whole planning for the district was to be done through a participatory approach and based on this the Strategic Research and Extension Plan of the district was formed. The main objective of forming the groups at the grass root level was to make them self propelling units for mobilization of farming community. But unfortunately it did not happen. ATMA is now a part of National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET).
The government of India has now come up with Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs). Finance Minister Mrs. Nirmala Sitharaman in the budget 2018-19 has proposed setting up of 10,000 FPOs.
FARMER PRODUCER ORGAISATION (FPO): FPO is a group of farmers with special interests and consensus with developed structure, formal membership, status and functions for its members and with a set of rules and regulations. The main aim of an FPO is to ensure better income for the producers through an organization of their own. Aggregating small holders into FPOs is proven pathway to increase investment, improve bargaining power, move up the value chain and improve access to technology. The membership to these FPOs is Voluntary and open. FPOs are democratic and independent bodies which are based on the principal of cooperation among FIG's and are supposed to work to provide education, training and information to its members.
FARMER INTEREST GROUPS (FIGs): FIGs are self managed, independent group of farmers with a shared goal and interest. The members work together to achieve this goal by pooling their existing resources, gaining better access to other resources and to share in the resulting benefits.
OBJECTIVES OF FPOs: Mobilizing farmers in groups (FIGs) at the village level and build their associations (FPOs), Strengthen farmer capacity through agricultural best practices for enhanced productivity, ensuring access to and usage of quality inputs and services, facilitate access to fair & remunerative markets including linking producer groups to marketing opportunities by market.
FPO SERVICE MODEL: FPOs are expected to provide the following services to its members:
Financial Services: loans for crops, purchase of tractors, pump sets, construction of wells, lying of pipelines.
Input Supply Services: low cost and quality inputs to member farmers. It will supply fertilizers, pesticides, seeds, sprayers, pump sets, accessories, and pipelines.
Procurement and Packaging Services: The FPO will procure agriculture produce from its member farmers; will do the storage, value addition and packaging.
Marketing Services: The FPO will do the direct marketing after procurement of agricultural produce. Save time, transaction costs, distress sales, price fluctuations, transportation, quality maintenance etc.
Insurance Services: The FPO will provide various insurance like Crop Insurance, Electric Motors Insurance Technical Services: FPO will promote best practices of farming Networking Services: Making channels of information, business services accessible to rural producers; facilitating linkages with financial institutions, building linkages of producers, processors, traders
ACTIVITIES PERFORMED BY FPOs: Farmer Producer Organizations can perform a wide variety of activities which include orientation/training programmes, exposure visits for its members, arranging audio visual shows on best agricultural practices, lying of front line demonstrations, interaction with farming communities through Kisan Gosthi's, value addition/processing of the farmers' produce and finally marketing of the produce.
FORMATION OF FPOs: The formation of FPOs is an elaborate process that starts first from the identification of cluster of villages in one or two blocks. It is followed by a diagnostic study to assess the preliminary situation of the farmers and to identify the potential interventions required. After diagnostic study, a feasibility analysis covering financial, technical,, legal, political, environmental, economical and socio-cultural aspects is carried out. The next step is the baseline assessment through data generation of the individual farm households. Business plan is than developed with the farmers. At least 10 percent of the farmers should be involved in business planning. After being satisfied that a strong case has been established, it is high time farmers should be mobilized into Farmer Interest Groups. The FIGs are than organized and formalized together to form FPOs. The whole structure is developed democratically. Resources are than mobilized and a management system is developed to manage finance, human resources, marketing and audit of the FPO. Finally business operations like commencement of procurement, processing, production marketing and other services start. The assessment and audit of the FPO is the last but not the least stage. The resource institutions should facilitate in conducting assessment and audit of the FPOs. Members of FIGs form a Board of Directors. It must be ensured that every FIG gets representation in Board of Directors. The Board of Directors form an Executive Body and than a Governing Body is formed which takes over the whole function starting from registering the FPOs to looking after the need of the members.
FPOs are no doubt a noble initiative having a democratic body, a farmer centric service model and activities intended to serve the farming community. The extension functionaries of the state agricultural department have to take on this responsibility for they are the one who are directly engaged with the farming community at the grass root levels. They should take it as a philanthropic effort ad if at least one FPO per block is set up; it indeed will be a huge achievement.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center