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COVID-19 Pandemic Effects Children’s Behavior and Studies
4/9/2021 12:25:07 AM
Er. Loveneesh Talwar

Millions of children could be adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and we anticipate that the greatest impact could be on those in poor socioeconomic groups, who are already vulnerable and disadvantaged. However, some positive changes could also come out of this global crisis.
Children’s education is expected to be badly affected by school closures. Many organizations have actively promoted distanced learning solutions, and this includes using digital teaching aids. Those children who have access to these will be given the opportunity to learn educational methods that will benefit them later in life. They could also get involved in different physical, learning and creative activities during school closures that will help them to develop new skills. World Health Organization and health specialists have advised parents to discuss the pandemic in detail with their children. These include parents being honest, reassuring them and explaining what practical measures they can take to keep themselves and others safe. Spending time with their family could help some children to develop closer relationships with them and being aware of the impact of the pandemic could also help children to develop more humanity and empathy, as they realize the value of human life. Less traffic has led to reductions in overall pollution and noise, and there is anecdotal evidence that this has led to changes in our natural environment and provided more opportunities for children to see, and appreciate, wild life. Closing schools and facilities like libraries that are the only way some children can access the Internet will have an impact on children’s education in a number of ways. People believe that focusing on digital education, due to school closures; will definitely widen the learning gap between children from low and high socioeconomic backgrounds. In fact, some Educationist described the combination of school closures and child poverty as a social crisis in the making. Families may also struggle with the cost of broadband services because of the downturn in the economy. Examinations have been postponed or cancelled as a result of the pandemic, and some children could be anxious about their future. These issues could also delay further education or the start to their working life.
One of the major consequences of lockdowns and school closures could be that some children will not be able to engage in outdoor physical activities, especially if they do not have access to outside space, which could increase weight problems and the disorders that are associated with them. A study stressed the need to maintain regular physical activity and stated that it is important to avoid behaviors that lead to inactivity and a sedentary lifestyle, maintaining regular physical activity and routinely exercising in a safe home environment is an important strategy for healthy living during the COVID-19 pandemic. Good nutrition also plays a critical role in children’s cognitive development and academic performance, and this is a concern during the pandemic. This includes lack of Vitamin D, which is essential for bones and teeth. A review stated that there was evidence from interventional and observation epidemiological studies to suggests that vitamin D deficiency may lead to an increased risk of respiratory tract infections. Given the disease course of COVID-19, which is primarily a respiratory disease, we believe that Vitamin D deficiency could make children more vulnerable. The impact of nutritional deficiency is mostly seen in poor socioeconomic groups and school closures means that millions of children will not benefit from food programmes provided by their schools.
The COVID-19 pandemic has overwhelmed many health systems, and this has led to reductions in many routine health services and parents have been reluctant to attend health facilities. Vaccinations rates were already an issue before the pandemic and the current health crisis could exacerbate this situation further. School closures may also mean that children sit continuously for longer periods of time, for example at computers, and this could lead to issues like back pain, eye strain and disturbed sleep. We are also concerned that children living in underdeveloped countries may also face higher infections rates, especially those living in slums, immigration detention centers, orphanages and other institutions. These children live in close proximity with other children, with limited access health care and to clean water and sanitation, which are likely to facilitate the spread of the virus. Isolation, physical distance and loneliness are challenging situations for every human being. Children are bound to miss interacting with their own peer groups, and we fear that being deprived of their company for any length of time will lead to drastic behavioral changes. Schools provide the social and competitive activities that many children enjoy and interacting with children from different area, helps them to adapt to diverse environments and develop social connections.
Due to school closures, many children will be actively encouraged to go online to continue their education. They will also want to keep in touch with their peers, and this could increase their use of social media, which could distract them when they are meant to be doing school work.
They could also be exposed inappropriate content and cyberbullying. According to a study before the pandemic, social media exposes children to a greater risk of cyberbullying and that can lead to stress, anxiety, low self-esteem and even suicide attempts. The dangers of being online can also include inappropriate content and conversations, including sexual images and pornography. Social media could be a major source of getting addicted to various harmful substances for the children. COVID-19 pandemic will have a devastating impact on children in low socioeconomic communities, especially females We believe that widespread job losses and greater economic insecurity could lead to particular problems in poor areas of the world. These could include increases in child exploitation, such as child labour, domestic violence, early child marriages and sexual exploitation. Children could also lose family members and be orphaned. In our opinion, the COVID-19 pandemic will have a far-reaching,long-term impacts on children worldwide. Although some of these may be positive, we believe that the negative impacts will be devastating and could affect millions of children in some way. International healthcare organizations, children’s welfare organizations and governments need to work together to minimize the impact the pandemic will have on children in the post COVID-19 era.
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