Early Times Report
Srinagar, Aug 29: Jammu region holds an unenviable distinction. Maximum number of HIV positive patients in the state belong to the region.
Official data reveals that Jammu region has 2246 HIV patients.
The authorities said that because of the social taboo, people are not coming forward for HIV tests, and over the years the number of people infected by HIV has shown a rising trend. It has been mainly attributed to greater use of drugs than sexual transmission.
The total number of people with HIV in Jammu and Kashmir as on August 2018 is 4609. "980 people have died so far in the state of AIDS, while as 2502 people are on antiretroviral treatment," the data reveals.
"In Government Medical College Jammu (GMC), the number of people on ART is 2246, while the number in SKIMS, Srinagar is 256. In Kashmir region, including Leh, the prevalence of HIV is quite low," the data reads.
The information further reveals that 179 children below the age group of 15 years are also suffering from HIV aids in the state. "In GMC Jammu 159 children, while as in SKIMS Srinagar 20 children face HIV and are on ART," the data says.
Sources said that it has been seen that these children carried it from their parents, while there were 225 widows in the state who had also been tested HIV positive.
Sources said that over the years the number of HIV positive patients has witnessed an increase. Before 2011, the state had 2,573 HIV positive patients.
"In 2011-12, only 22 fresh cases of HIV-positive patients were registered with the society, which witnessed an increase of 516 during 2012-13, 343 in 2013-14, 335 in 2014-15 and 302 in 2015-16," the statistics of aids and control department said.
Besides, sources said that more than 600 Army personnel, who fall in the category of 'others', have been tested HIV positive in the state.
Senior Health officials expressed concern over youth falling in the trap of drug mafias.
"The drug menace has attained an alarming proportion in the state. While the use of drugs is a major reason for HIV transmission mainly in the Kashmir valley, female sex workers, truckers and labourers are the main transmitters in the Jammu region," the official said.
The other major causes of being affected by the virus are blood transfusion, unprotected sex and multi-person usage of needles," sources opined.
Sources said that Most of the HIV positive patients registered in the state have contracted the disease from outside the state.
HIV/ AIDS have emerged as the most challenging epidemic for the world. It has spread across the length and breadth of the India and the rate of infection has been contained by the concerted efforts of NACO through SACS. NACO categorized all the States in three main categories viz, high, moderate and low prevalence States. J&K State is a low prevalence state.
Sources said that the unique geographical and socio economic characteristics have made the State vulnerable in respect of the spread of HIV/AIDS.
"J&K State is a tourist State and the visitors from all over the Country and from abroad visit J&K.
Most of the visitors come from affluent States of the Country, which include the States having high prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Hence this state is at a greater risk of HIV AIDS because of being the tourist destination," sources said.
Sources further said that Truck drivers are considered as one f the important factors for HIV transmission in the J&K State.
"As there is no rail link between Jammu, Srinagar and Ladakh, truckers play a major role for carrying commodities and other stocks from different parts of country to the State of J&K.
Moreover migrants can be classified into internal, inter-district, intra-district, intra-regional and inter State. Inter State migrants constitute the major portion of migrant patterns.
A study was conducted which identified 28395 persons as vulnerable migrants in 4 districts of the state," sources maintained.