Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   Two Rohingyas with Aadhaar card, PAN card arrested | Div Com Jammu reviews arrangements for Shri Amarnath Ji Yatra 2021 | Civil servants dictate terms in political matters in Naya Kashmir, alleges Mehbooba | Rohit Kansal reviews electrification of Udhampur-Baramulla Rail Link | CBJ charge-sheets 3 accused for forgery, cheating | 3 KAS probationers deployed at Jammu Airport as duty magistrates for Covid-19 | Scientific data shows elderly to be vaccinated prior to youths: Omar | Strong local bodies must for development: J&K BJP chief | JKSSB conducts Phase-III of objective type test for Class-IV Posts | Admin evicts ex legislator from Govt quarter | ACB produces charge sheet against SDE Transmission Div BSNL Srinagar, ors | 3.81 lakh beneficiaries vaccinated for COVID, no serious adverse case reported in J&K | Highway connecting Ladakh with Kashmir remains shut due to fresh snow, avalanches | JeM associate arrested in Pulwama | Man arrested for multiple vehicle thefts | DC Kathua launches mobile apps ‘Madadgar’, ‘Hoshiyar’ | Higher Education Deptt forwards posts to JKPSC without finalizing recruitment rules | Infighting in Cong likely to intensify after Azad's visit | Court rejects pre-arrest bail of accused in dowry death case | Saffron Brigade under fire after Akash Mehra's gruesome killing | DC Reasi presides over public hearing | PC offers 'big role' to former PDP leader's spouse | JKTA holds meet at Malhar, Bani | National Conference sidelines senior leader | Pleasant weather continues in Kashmir | DDC Doda inspects various centres for JKSSB Class-IV examination | Out of thousands mere nine Anganwari centres provided with water facility | Two decades on, Jetty Bridge in Baramulla still waits for completion | Shiv Sena appeal for on-line examinations | Rahul Pandey assumes Dir Information's charge | Court rejects bail in NPDS Act | Schools reopen in Ramban after vacations | JKSSB Class IV recruitment exam concludes at Kishtwar | Kashmir situation peaceful as people want it to be so, not because of COVID impact: Lt Gen B S Raju | Sanjay Aggarwal appointed State Chairperson FADA’s Jammu Chapter | Munish Gupta asks government to solve problems of people of Bandhu Rakh Kunjwani | Probationary SIs spoil youth’s life in Reasi, seizes his Scooty while he was on his way to attend exam | LG bats for encouraging innovation at university level through outcome-based education | Uri residents allege irregularities in Swachh Bharat Mission scheme | COVID-19 positive cases in JK reach 126504 following 63 new cases; one fresh death | After rise in bike lifting cases, burglars decamp with cash from temple in Kalakot | NC leader files complaint in Jammu cyber cell | President Dharmarth Trust visits Shankaracharya, reviews arrangements for Mahashivratri | Rakesh Pant meets CDPO Bishnah | Seven days NSS camp on "cleanness drive" concludes | Frame policy for proper functioning of mobile schools, Hakla urges LG | GLTF holds meeting, raises several demands | Army organized Medical Camp | Ek Sath Rang Mandal stages nukkad 'Aman Kay Dushman' | NIA arrests 4 drug traffickers in Kashmir narco-terrorism case | Army starts computer courses for youth | JKPCC condemns killing of Akash Mehra | Brahman Sabha leader joins JKAP | Tourism Deptt organizes road shows in Kolkata | Training programmes on "Safety of Women", "Cyber Forensics" commences at SKPA | AAPJammu starts mass membership drive in Bakshi Nagar | Health check up of students begins in Govt schools | Nat Manch distribute Sehat health cards | Expedite Delimitation exercise in J&K: Tajinder | Apni Party leaders visit residence of Krishna Dhaba owner at Janipur | Political parties stabbing people in back | Delegation of LAC calls on president Rajput Sabha, discusses several issue | KPC condemns plan to assassinate KP community activist Susheel Pandit | Indo-Pak Ceasefire: The politics and their ramification | Azad Sets Ball Rolling | Sthapana Diwas of Shri Chandi Mata celebrated with religious fervor | Crime Branch Jammu bids adieu to its retiring Sub-Inspector | DIET Jammu organizes workshop on Annual Science Exhibition 2020-21 | Plantation drive conducted at Govt. ITI Banihal | Book on Agribusiness Development Planning and Management released | Spirit of humanism alone can guide society to overcome hate, bitterness: Rana | Poonch remain overall winner of DYSS UT level taekwondo C’ship | Workshop on thinking independently; striving towards your own goals | NC holds expertise in playing divisive politics: Kavinder | CLUJ celebrates foundation day | Back Issues  
news details
Relation Between Days of Nehru and Indian Democracy
1/8/2021 11:39:56 PM
Dr. Rajkumar Singh

Jawaharlal Nehru’s idea on democracy can best be attributed to his submission to the objective laws that led him to realise the direction of the historical process, to understand as an objective and progressive course of events proceeding from the lower to higher. He proceeded to his political work not with the approach of a religious one, but went ahead scientifically, trying to bring it into line with the general objective of course of history and subjugate it to progressive trends. Nehru played a very significant role in order to strengthen political institutions under the framework of the Indian constitution. The adoption of the constitution in its secular spirit during the years of strife and communal tension was itself a dashing step taken under his leadership. He was one of those great democrats who believed in democracy as a political system allowing the peaceful play of power, the adherence by the ‘outs’ to decisions made by the ‘ins’ and the recognition by the ‘ins’ of the rights of the ‘outs’. It was an inherent virtue of Nehru that he always gave the opposition an opportunity to express its view. In his opinion, the end of Parliamentary democracy should be the maximum good of the people and to this end, he was opposed to delaying and complicated procedures, since parliamentary institutions reflect the character of the people.
Nehru’s democracy in politics
In an initial and experimental manner, we have accepted and dealt with this great world-moving force of man-on-the-March, which is democracy. We are aware that such experiment in democracy is sure to bring about revolutionary changes in our individual and social life. However, the founding fathers of the Indian republic, too, had their own fears of the future of democracy, given the backlog of the problems. They grafted a democratic political system on to a society which was in dire need of fundamental reform in the shortest possible time. It was the faith and the hope of the fathers that in India democracy would not only survive but that through it the necessary social changes would also occur. To sustain democratic institutions, in general, what is required, is a political society which shares their underlying values and constantly manifests commitment to them in its own political activities. Only such a political society can ensure the operation and survival of the democratic processes.
Democracy is meaningful only to the extent it leads to the participation of the people. Sensing the dangers of democracy in India, Jayaprakash Narayan felt that unless democratic system involves masses in its working the ideals of freedom, equality and justice could not be achieved. Following the view of Harold Laski, he, in his paper published in 1959 entitled ‘The Reconstruction of Indian polity,’ held that the worth of democracy must be judged by the amount of voluntary activities within it. It is not the formal institutions like Parliament, assemblies, elected governments which constitute democracy. It must live in the life of the people. Rejecting the theory of parliamentary democracy with multi-Party system, he advanced the system of Partyless democracy of participatory democracy. For practical purpose and in order that the people might participate in the government, the government must be brought as near to the people as possible. This would require a thorough going system of political and economic decentralisation.
Democracy in economic policy
Nehru did not confine his opinion to the realm of politics alone but the arena of economy was not out of his reach. He considered that political democracy by itself is not enough except that it may be used to obtain a gradually increasing measure of economic democracy. Nehru believed in industrialisation and a strong industrial base. The Russian five year plans and the progress made in that country had a great impact on the mind of Nehru. Though he was impressed by Russia’s economic progress he was against the dictatorial form of rule. Therefore, he was for a mixed economy and a good deal of progress was achieved but during his economic period he invested more in industry. More emphasis was laid on industry than agriculture.
Modernisation as sought by Nehru by its very nature promotes contradictory tendencies. It involves advances and retreats, hope and despair, determination to push forward and desire for escape into the past. Inevitably, India, too has experienced such contradictory pulls. Though it has moved too far on the road to modernisation to turn its back on it, it has marked time again and again. The Indian intelligentsia was full of confidence and believed that the country would industrialise rapidly and move into an era of distributive justice without going through any hardships of primitive accumulation of capital. Nehru in the fifties represented this hope and innocence. He himself was convinced that the Indian economy could reach the take off stage in a decade or two.
Initiation of decline of democracy
The lack of authority, order and discipline can adversely affect economic development as well. And as the economy becomes sophisticated, it becomes highly vulnerable to disruption. Modern agriculture, for example, needs a steady supply of power, diesel, fertilizers and pesticides, an assured market and remunerative prices. In the fifties, we had many eminent men in public life who were every inch a gentleman. In the sixties we had many public figures who were every alternate inch a gentleman. Unfortunately, in the seventies we have an unacceptably large number of politicians who are no inch a gentleman. Therefore, by the end of Nehru era, this economic optimism had begun to give way to serious doubts. The sixties and seventies saw grave economic difficulties. From the mid-sixties onwards, with the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war, the massive IMF – enforced devaluation of the rupee soon after and the terrible drought that ravaged the land, it was clear that the system which had seemed hitherto to be sailing in tranquil waters, had entered a turbulent sea. It was only aroused this time that the rumblings of a system beginning to come under socio-economic stress were first quite clearly heard. Politically the most significant manifestation of this gathering crisis appeared in 1967 elections which saw the once unassailable Congress Party lose out to a motely assemble of opposition parties in a number of northern states.
All this was perhaps too good to last, though it did not last for well over a decade. Despite the scientific temper he had for the country, he was a poor judge of men, and therefore, he could not distinguish between real friends and sycophants. In the later phase of his life he took the support of undesirable elements to remain in power. Though he was popular with the masses he did not take action against vested interest which exploited the masses. He did not mind taking funds from anti – social elements. The Congress Party started accepting black money for elections during his time. Though soft, he was not always straightforward in dealing with his colleagues. The Kamaraj Plan was contrived to ease out some persons he disliked. His ‘soft pedaling’ of corruption had a disastrous effect on public morals. Nehru admitted the facts of public life then prevailing and said, ‘Unhappily during the war and afterwards various types of corruption have grown. Controls have added to them and general standards fallen, both in government servants and in the public.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center